Draft Nottinghamshire Minerals Local Plan

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Glossary

Aftercare: Action necessary to bring restored land up to the required standard for an agreed after-use such as agriculture, forestry or amenity.

Air Quality Management Area (AQMA): A designation made by a local authority where an assessment of air quality results in the need to devise an action plan to improve quality of air.

Amenity: Something considered necessary to live comfortably.

Ancient Woodland: Woodland that is believed to have existed from at least medieval times.

Annual Monitoring Report: A report prepared by the County Council that monitors the progress of local plan preparation and the implementation of adopted policies.

Areas of Multiple Environmental Sensitivity study (AMES): A local study completed by Nottinghamshire County Council which sought to identify those areas of landscape considered to be of multiple environmental sensitivity relating to ecology, the historic environment and local attributes and thus establish the areas which might be considered most and least vulnerable or sensitive to development related impacts.

Best and most versatile agricultural land (BMV): The Agricultural Land Classification (ALC) provides a method for assessing the quality of farmland to enable informed choices to be made about its future use in the planning system. It helps underpin the principles of sustainable development. The ALC system classifies land into five grades, with Grade 3 subdivided into 3a and 3b. The best and most versatile land is defined as Grades 1, 2 and 3a by policy guidance. This is the land which is most flexible, productive and efficient in response to inputs and which can best deliver future crops for food and non-food uses such as biomass. Where significant development of agricultural land is unavoidable, poorer quality land should be used in preference to that of higher quality, except where this would be inconsistent with other sustainability considerations. Government policy is set out in the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF).

Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP): A plan that identifies species and habitats that are a conversation priority to the locality and sets a series of targets for their protection and restoration/recreation.

Biodiversity Opportunity Mapping (BOM): A Nottinghamshire wide project led by the Nottinghamshire Biodiversity Action Group to increase understanding about the current distribution of biodiversity and to provide a spatial vision for the development of biodiversity in the long and medium term. It also looks at the most effective ways to re-create habitat networks at the landscape-scale. It is intended to help focus resources, deliver the local contribution to the England Biodiversity Strategy, inform spatial planning and inform other strategies and influence policy makers.

Bird strike: Risk of aircraft collision with birds, which are often attracted to open areas of water and landfill sites containing organic waste.

Climate change: The significant and lasting change in the distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years.

Conservation Areas: Designated areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

Core Strategy: Under the previous planning system, local planning authorities produced a local development framework which comprised a portfolio of local development documents that together provided the framework for delivering a local authorities' planning strategy. This included a Core Strategy which set out the strategic overview for the plan area. Under changes to the planning system this has been replaced with the production of a single local plan.

Countryside: Areas that are not urbanised.

Cumulative impact: Impacts that accumulate over time, from one or more sources, and can result in the degradation of important resources.

Development Plan: The series of planning documents that form all of the planning policy for an area, it includes Local Plans (District and County) and neighbourhood plans. All documents forming the development plan have to be found 'sound' by a Government Inspector during a public independent examination before they can be adopted.

Environment Agency (EA): A public organisation with the responsibility for protecting and improving the environment in England and Wales. Its functions include the regulation of industrial processes, the maintenance of flood defences and water resources, water quality and the improvement of wildlife habitats.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): Systematic investigation and assessment of the likely effects of a proposed development, to be taken into account in the decision-making process under the Town and Country Planning (Environment Impact Assessment) (England and Wales) Regulations 1999. The process is undertaken for a proposed development that would significantly affect the environment because of its siting, design, size or scale.

General Permitted Development Order (GPDO): Legislation which sets out the classes of development for which a granted of planning permission if automatically given, provided that no restrictive covenant is attached or that the development is exempt.

Green Belt: An area designated to provide permanent separation between urban areas. The main aim of Green Belt policy is to prevent urban sprawl by keeping land permanently open; the most important quality of Green Belts is their openness.

Green infrastructure: A network of multi-functional green space, both new and existing, both rural and urban, which supports the natural and ecological processes and is integral to the health and quality of life of sustainable communities.

Greenhouse gas: Gases resulting from various processes which, when emitted into the atmosphere, trap heat from the sun causing rises in global temperatures – a process often referred to as the greenhouse effect.

Groundwater Source Protection Zones: Geographical areas, defined by the Environment Agency, used to protect sources of groundwater abstraction.

Habitats Regulation Assessment (HRA): Statutory requirement for Planning Authorities to assess the potential effects of land-use plans on designated European Sites in Great Britain. The Habitats Regulations Assessment is intended to assess the potential effects of a development plan on one or more European Sites (collectively termed 'Natura 2000' sites). The Natura 2000 sites comprise Special Protection Areas (SPAs) and Special Areas of Conservation (SACs). SPAs are classified under the European Council Directive on the conservation of wild birds (79/409/EEC; Birds Directive) for the protection of wild birds and their habitats (including particularly rare and vulnerable species listed in Annex 1 of the Birds Directive, and migratory species).

Health and Safety Executive (HSE): The national independent watchdog for work-related health, safety and illness.

Health Impact Assessments (HIA): A practical and flexible framework by which the effects of policies, plans or projects on health and inequality can be identified. Such effects are examined in terms of their differential impact, their relative importance and the interaction between impacts. In doing so, HIAs can make recommendations to inform decision making, particularly in terms of minimising negative impacts and maximising opportunity to promote health and wellbeing.

Heavy goods vehicles (HGV): A vehicle that is over 3,500kg unladen weight and used for carrying goods.

Highways Authority: The organisation responsible for the administration of public roads.

Highways England: A government company charged with driving forward England's motorways and major A roads. Including modernising and maintaining the highways, as well as running the network and keeping traffic moving.

Historic England: The public body that looks after England's historic environment. It champions historic places, helping people to understand, value and care for them.

Historic Environment Record (HER): A public record of all aspects of the historic environment of the County.

Landbank: A measure of the stock of planning permissions in an area, showing the amount of unexploited mineral with planning permission for extraction, and how long those supplied will last at the locally apportioned rate of supply.

Landscape character: A combination of factors such as topography, vegetation pattern, land use and cultural associations that combine to create a distinct, recognisable character.

Landscape Character Assessment (LCA): A technique used to identify what makes a place unique in landscape terms. Characterisation involves assessing the physical components of a landscape alongside cultural influences.

Listed Building: Buildings of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance. Protected under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.

Local Nature Reserves (LNR): A statutory designation made (by principal local authorities) under Section 21 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949. They are places of local, but not necessarily national, wildlife or geological importance and also often have good public access and facilities. Local Nature Reserves are almost always owned by local authorities, who often pass the management of the Local Nature Reserves onto County Wildlife trusts.

Local Transport Plan (LTP): A statutory plan detailing the future transport approach in a given area.

Material considerations: A material consideration in the UK is a process in Planning Law in which the decision maker, when assessing an application for development, must consider in deciding the outcome of an application.

Ministry of Defence (MoD): The Government department responsible for implementation of the government defence policy and the headquarters of UK armed forces.

Minerals Consultation Areas (MCA): An area identified to ensure consultation between the relevant District or Borough planning authority, the minerals industry and the Minerals and Waste Planning Authorities before certain non-mineral planning applications made within the area are determined. The Nottinghamshire Minerals Consultation Area covers the same areas as the Minerals Safeguarding Area. (with the exception of Colwick Wharf)

Minerals Safeguarding Areas (MSA): The MSA is defined by minerals and waste planning authorities. They include viable resources of minerals and are defined so that inferred resources of minerals are not sterilised by non-mineral development. The MSA does not provide a presumption for these resources to be worked. The Nottinghamshire Minerals Safeguarding Areas covers the same areas as the Mineral Consultation Areas.

National Nature Reserve (NNR): A nationally important biological or geological site declared by Natural England and managed through ownership, leasehold or a nature reserve agreement.

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF): The national planning document setting out the Government's planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied. It acts as guidance for local planning authorities and decision-takers in both drawing up plans and making decisions about planning applications.

Natura 2000 sites: Designated land including Special Protection Areas (SPAs) and Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) and Ramsar sites.

Natural England: The government's adviser for the natural environment in England, which helps to protect England's nature and landscape for people to enjoy and for the service they provide.

Permitted development rights: Permitted development rights grant automatic planning permission to proposals for development that is a physical operation, or a material change of use, or both.

Permitted reserves: Mineral resource with planning permission for extraction.

Policies Map: A map on an Ordnance Survey base showing spatial application of appropriate policies from the Local Plan. Also known as a proposals map.

Ramsar Sites: (Wetlands of International Importance): Sites of international importance for waterfowl protected under the Ramsar Convention of the Conservation of Wetlands of International Importance, ratified by the UK Government in 1976.

Recycled aggregates: Materials that have been used previously, including construction and demolition waste, asphalt road planings and used railway ballast.

Regionally Important Geological Sites (RIGS): Sites, designated by locally developed criteria, which are currently the most important sites for geology and geomorphology outside statutorily protected land, such as Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).

Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest: A register held by Historic England established in 1983 which identifies sites assessed to be of national importance. (also referred to as 'registered parks and gardens').

Renewable energy: Energy which comes from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished.

Restoration: The process of returning a site to its former use, or delivering new conditions that will support an agreed after-use, such as recreation or the creation of wildlife habitats.

Rights of Way (RoW): Marked routes which the public have a legally protected right to use.

Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM): Nationally important archaeological sites included in the Schedule of Ancient Monuments maintained by the Secretary of State under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

Secondary aggregate: Materials that are by-products of other processes, including the production of primary aggregates. They do not meet primary aggregate specifications but can be used instead of them.

Section 106 agreement (S106): The Town and Country Planning Act 1990 allows a local planning authority (LPA) to enter into a legally-binding agreement or planning obligation with a landowner when granting planning permission. The obligation is termed a Section 106 Agreement. These agreements are a way of dealing with matters that are necessary to make a development acceptable in planning terms. They are increasingly used to support the provision of services and infrastructure, such as highways, recreational facilities, education, health and affordable housing.

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI): A national designation for an area of special interest because of its flora, fauna, or geological or physiographical features, selected by Natural England and notified under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

Sites and Monuments Record (SMR): The National Trust Sites and Monuments Record (NTSMR) is a resource and repository of information about the archaeology and historic landscapes under National Trust care.

Special Area of Conservation (SAC): Areas which have been given special protection under the European Union's Habitats Directive. They provide increased protection to a variety of wild animals, plants and habitats and are a vital part of global efforts to conserve the world's biodiversity.

Special Protection Area (SPA): An area of importance for the habitats of certain rare or vulnerable categories of birds or for regularly occurring migratory bird species, required to be designated for protection by member states under the European Community Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds (79/409/EC).

Hampshire Minerals and Waste Plan (Draft) - Submission 111

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI): A Local Development Document which sets out the standards the Planning Authority intend to achieve when involving the community in preparing Local Development Documents, or when making a significant development control decision. It also sets out how the Authority intends to achieve these standards. A consultation statement must be produced showing how the Authority has complied with its SCI.

Sterilisation: When a change of use, or the development, of land prevents possible mineral exploitation in the foreseeable future.

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA): An assessment of the potential flood risk such as from groundwater and fluvial flood risk, undertaken at the appropriate level (County or district).

Strategic Transport Assessment: An assessment of the likely impact of planning policies (site allocations) on the highway network. The purpose of the Nottinghamshire Strategic Transport Assessment is to describe the HGV impacts upon the Highway network as a result of the proposed MLP sites whilst considering the goals and targets set out in the relevant local and national planning policy documents.

Sustainability Appraisal (SA): In United Kingdom planning law, an appraisal of the economic, environmental, and social effects of a plan from the outset of the preparation process, to allow decisions that are compatible with sustainable development. Since 2001, sustainability appraisals have had to conform to the EU directive on Strategic Environmental Assessment.

Sustainable Community Strategy: A document outlining the local community's wishes and priorities for their area, they can be used as a tool to ensure local government and other services work together to meet local needs.

Sustainable Development: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It encompasses five guiding principles: living within the planet's environmental limits, ensuring a strong, healthy and just society, achieving a sustainable economy, promoting good governance and using sound science responsibly.

Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS): A sequence of water management practices and facilities designed to drain surface water in a more suitable way than the conventional practice of routing run off through a pipe to a watercourse.

Townscape: The appearance of a town or city; an urban scene.

Transport Assessment (TA) / Transport Statement (TS): The National Planning Policy Framework requires that all developments that are likely to generate significant amounts of transport movements should include a Transport Assessment or Transport Statement as part of a planning application. Both will examine the transport issues relating to the proposed development and identify measures needed to deal with the impacts, improve accessibility and safety for all modes of transport and promote measures to encourage sustainable transport. The reports are usually accompanied by a Travel Plan that includes measures to encourage use of sustainable transport that will be implemented as part of the development. A Strategic Transport Assessment will cover the same issues, but will look at a range of proposed allocations to assess the potential individual and cumulative impacts of the developments.

Trunk road network: The strategic network of roads used to move people and freight around the country. The Highways England is responsible for its construction and maintenance.

Urban Areas: An area characterised by higher population density and vast human features in comparison to areas surrounding it. Urban areas may be cities, towns or conurbations.

Water Framework Directive: A European directive which became part of UK law in December 2003. It provides an opportunity to plan and deliver a better water environment, focussing on ecology, which will be delivered through river basin management planning.


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